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Coffee Varieties

Coffea arabica

Coffea arabica This variety of coffee gets its name from the fact it is originally indigenous to the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia, southeastern Sudan, and the mountains of Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula. It is also known as “mountain coffee.” Because it has been grown in the Middle East for more than 1,000 years, it is thought to be the first species of coffee cultivated. It also contains less caffeine than other varieties of coffee. Wild plants grow roughly to a height of 25 feet to 35 feet, with open branches ...

Coffea canephora

Coffea canephora Coffea canephora green beans on a tree in Goa, India. - wikipedia.org Coffea canefora, also known as robusta, or coffea robusta, is a variety or species of coffee that makes up about a third of the world’s coffee production. It is indigenous to central and western subsaharan Africa, and is often called conillon in Africa and Brazil, where it is mostly grown. In the late 19th century, French colonists introduced it in Southeast Asia, where it is also grown today ...

Coffea liberica

Coffea liberica "Discussing the War in a Paris Cafe", The Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 - wikipedia.org Coffea liberica is a species of coffee that is indigenous to Liberia, in West Africa. This coffee was brought to Indonesia at the end of the 19th century to replace the trees of another species, arabica, which were killed by the coffeerust disease. Liberica trees grow generally 10 to 15 feet, but can reach nearly 20 feet. It produces cherries larger than those found on Arabica trees ...